Selection in Aviation
A European Association for Aviation Psychology Report
a cura di J. Eaglestone, D. Damos, H.-J. Hörmann, K. Stadler, J. Wium.
As members of the EAAP Working Group on Selection in Aviation Copyright 2022 European Association for Aviation Psychology.
Il report aggiornato alla sua seconda edizione è scaricabile gratuitamente dal sito EAAP ed accessibile anche a seguire.
Per approfondire ed ulteriormente alimentare il confronto sul tema della selezione in aviazione, Johann Wium & Jenny Eaglestone hanno organizzato e coordinato un seminario di due giorni tenutosi ad Amsterdam nella prestigiosa sede dell’ente aerospaziale di ricerca olandese NLR, alla presenza di circa 100 partecipanti e contemporaneamente in streaming.
Per IT-APA hanno partecipato la Dott.ssa Micaela Scialanga, Segretario Generale, ed il Dott.Alessandro Mirabilio, membro del Comitato Scientifico.
L’occasione è stata preziosa per i partecipanti al convegno che hanno condiviso competenze ed esperienze ed aperto a possibili future collaborazioni internazionali e di ricerca.
Alcuni dei workshop che si sono tenuti:
Diane Damos, Damos Aviation Services
We will begin this colloquium by asking why multiple tasks are included in a battery, i.e. what are we trying to measure? We will spend most of the session examining ways to measure individual differences in multiple-task performance and discussing potential gender bias.
Colloquium: Psychomotor tasks
Diane Damos, Damos Aviation Services
In this colloquium we will discuss the types of psychomotor tasks that have been traditionally used in aviation. Evidence for and against the use of these types of tasks will be presented.
Workshop: Selection Validation for Practitioners
Marc Damitz & Doris Dehn, Eurocontrol
The workshop will start with an introduction of key concepts in validation, such as test validity and types of validation evidence (e.g., content-based and criterion-related). Participants will learn to develop a process for the validation of selection tools and identify the challenges in selection validation. Options will be discussed to overcome these challenges. The workshop will close with a discussion of test fairness and validity.
The intended target group for the workshop are psychologists working in (or interested in) the selection of aviation staff.
Workshop: From requirements to selection results
Viktor Oubaid, DLR
The workshop describes the typical process steps of the psychological aptitude examination, as it takes place at DLR:
- A job requirement analysis, which is created for the specific flight operation (AC type, operational environment), or existing analyses for comparable flight operations are used
- Compilation of the specific test program
- Definition of a set of decision rules with the client
- Selection of a norm group
Workshop: AI and Technology-Enables Selection in Aviation
Karien Stadler, AeroAssess
Artificial intelligence (AI) and cutting-edge technologies have ushered in a new era in the world of psychometric assessments, promising remarkable advantages such as error reduction, enhanced efficiency, and rapid data analysis. This paradigm shift spans across industries, but it is especially profound in aviation, where safety and precision are paramount. However, the ascent into this technological frontier is not without its share of challenges and ethical considerations. As we soar towards the future, we must navigate this transformative journey with both scientific rigor and ethical consciousness.
Join us at our workshop, where we offer a scientist-practitioner perspective on the latest technology trends. We will delve into the manifold benefits that AI and advanced technologies bring to aviation selection processes but won’t shy away from addressing the pressing challenges and ethical dilemmas that come with these innovations. Our workshop aims to equip attendees with not just theoretical knowledge but also practical insights. Through real-world examples, we will demonstrate how to harness the power of cutting-edge technologies to enhance your selection process.
The journey towards AI and technology-enabled selection in aviation is not a mere leap into the future; it is a strategic evolution of talent acquisition in an industry that competes for aviation’s finest talent. Be part of this dynamic discussion, and together, let’s chart the course towards a safer, more efficient, and ethically responsible future for selection in aviation
Workshop: The MESAFE project
Paola Tomasello, DeepBlue
MESAFE stands for “MEntal health for aviation SAFEty”. It is a research project, funded by EASA under the framework of the European Union’s Horizon Europe research and innovation programme. Started in May 2022 and lasting 2 years, the project aims at overcoming the current challenges preventing the effective implementation of the Aeromedical certification process for pilots and air traffic controllers (ATCOs) with regards to the incapacitation risk associated with mental health conditions.
The Mental Health topic has been the subject of great attention after the Germanwings accident of 2015 and has led to important regulatory integrations for the mitigation of the related incapacitation risk. The European Regulation 1042/2018 was a first attempt for building proper barriers against the incapacitation risk due to mental disorders of safety-critical operators. The Regulation introduced new technical requirements and administrative procedures related to implementing support programmes, psychological assessment of flight crew, as well as systematic and random testing of psychoactive substances to ensure medical fitness of flight and cabin crew members.
In compliance with the new requirements that have amended Regulation (EU) 1178/11 part MED, MESAFE is extending the commitment to address the psychological aspects in aviation as well as the management of the mental health issues of personnel seeking a certification of aeromedical fitness, including not only pilots, but also air traffic controllers. In line with this, MESAFE is developing a process to direct Aeromedical Examiners to deepen the relevant aspects of the psychological / psychiatric examination now entitled as MENTAL HEALTH in the MED requirement. B.055 of Regulation (EU) 2019/27.
This activity regards a demand, by the aviation community to aviation psychologists, which is different from and additional to the demand regarding the psychological assessment of flight crew. That demand is addressing recommendations for new medical developments for the early diagnosis as well as treatment of mental health conditions which could pose a safety risk for flight and air traffic control operations and would consequently lead to pilot and ATCO unfitness or the limitation of their licence privileges for safety purposes. Two questions are prominent in this light. The first question is: “Can the safety impact of mental disorders be assessed, both in qualitative as well as quantitative terms, given the proposed solutions and mitigations?”. A second question is “what will the impact on regulations be?”.
The workshop will present what MESAFE has proposed so far for updating the current requirements for the aeromedical mental health assessment, including insights about the cooperation processes among the aeromedical examiners, the mental health specialists and the psychological assessors and recruiters.
Il link con la descrizione dell’evento è il seguente: